Established in 1974, the International Energy Agency (IEA) carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation for its 29 member countries and beyond by examining the full spectrum of energy issues and advocating policies that will enhance energy security, economic development, environmental awareness and engagement worldwide.
The IEA is governed by the IEA Governing Board which is supported through several specialised standing groups and committees. For more information on the IEA, see www.iea.org.
The IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCP) are international groups of experts that enable governments and industries from around the world to lead programmes and projects on a wide range of energy technologies and related issues, from building pilot plants to providing policy guidance in support of energy security, economic growth and environmental protection.
Created in 1993, the activities of the TCP on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (HEV TCP) are coordinated by the Working Party on Energy End-Use Technologies (EUWP). The aims of the HEV TCP are to produce and disseminate balanced information about advanced electric, hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles. The IEA HEV currently has 18 member countries.
The HEV TCP accomplishes this through running temporary Taskforces on dedicated topics of interest for member parties to discuss their respective needs, share key information, and supply objective information to support decision making. For further information on the HEV TCP see www.ieahev.org.
Multilateral task-force projects within the TCP for co-operation on Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Technologies and Programmes (HEV TCP) are known as Tasks. Participation in a Task is an efficient way of increasing national knowledge, both with respect to the specific project objective and in terms of information exchange with peer institutions. Shared activity allows Task members to combine strengths, optimize resources, mitigate risk, and share knowledge.
Tasks are conducted on a cost-sharing and/or a task-sharing basis by the participating institutions within IEA-HEV member countries. An Operating Agent is appointed by the Executive Committee IEA HEV to manage the Task. Each Task usually operates for a limited period, and objectives can vary from research into new technology to the creation of roadmaps and plans to guide the implementation of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and charging infrastructure. Members attend meetings once or twice a year where they exchange information. These meetings are usually restricted to members, but some Tasks have a policy of inviting appropriate non-member experts to participate. A final report is issued at the conclusion of a Task that is usually exclusive to participating members. In exceptional cases Task participation can be open for external organisations, Task 40 CRM4EV has this policy.
New Task ideas are presented to the IA-HEV Executive Committee (ExCo) at their semiannual meetings, and a new Task forms once it has been approved by a majority of the ExCo. New Tasks reflect the need for addressing practical issues as plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) take on a growing role in member countries’ strategies for transportation, energy, the environment, and economic development.